The Indisciplines collection is published in association with NSS Dialogues, and is geared towards scientists and other parties interested in environmental issues and sustainable development. It includes multidisciplinary works covering the relations between man and nature and covers a wide range of topics.
Within the span of two centuries, rivers of European cities have gone from serving as the dump site for all urban waste to being a vibrant natural environment integrated into the city. This book analyses this transformation by assessing water quality, human pressure on water courses and the effectiveness of measures taken to remedy the situation. It takes an interdisciplinary look from the perspective of the environment, technology and society to shed light on the relationship that four European cities (Berlin, Brussels, Milan and Paris) have with their rivers and their transformations since the 19th century.
Based on a specific experience relating to an artisanal fishery study in Senegal, the author shows that the role of statistics must sometimes go beyond that for which it was initially intended. When findings clash with reality at the conclusion of a research programme, it could be that there is no clear relationship with the initial question(s) posed. That is when statisticians must get involved.
It is now nearly half a century since the environment emerged as a scientific, political and societal issue. This works aims to understand its progress and failures and outline a few perspectives... Jacques Theys has held a "spanner of borders" place between science and politics since the 1970s. It is an unrivalled look, through the multiplicity of analyses gathered, on the changes in environmental policies, their relationship to science, information or democracy, the place of forecasting as "intelligence of time" or the future of sustainable development that is proposed here.
Is the place of modelling nowadays in the sciences and even more in techniques wrongfully assumed? Do mathematics, the basis for the models developed by engineers, guarantee a useful and beneficial representation of reality? What savings can supposedly be made by modelling? And what decisions?
These are just a few of the questions on modelling addressed by this work on its cognitive nature and its social issues.
The human and environmental observatories can enlighten the current issues of global change and globalisation of human activities, especially those affecting the biodiversity, the vulnerability of environments and regions, the impacts on the resources and the health of populations. Taken from miscellaneous scientific disciplines, this work brings a free viewpoint on the topic "Think about observation and research in human and environmental interactions".
Twelve major witnesses, renowned scientists from six disciplines (anthropology, biology, geography, linguistics, philosophy and physics), have responded during a series of seminars to the topical question of the relationship between modelling and interdisciplinarity as presented in their approach to research. The resulting book, original in its direct speech format, provides the reader with a few keys.
Agitator, visionary, educationalist, this is Jacques Weber, economist and anthropologist, who found a way to combine many disciplines and, through his work on the appropriation methods of Nature, renewable resource management and biodiversity, traced groundbreaking paths in major 19th century issues.
Defined in the Bruntland Report in the 1980s, sustainable development is a notion that remains largely controversial: helping to assess it is the main objective of this book. What are the specific features of sustainable development? What relationship does it enjoy with growth? What is its timescale - long-term development or countdown? Sustainability is studied here across various sectors - urban, landscape, biodiversity, industry and agro-materials.
There are many facets to the work of Jean-Pierre Deffontaines.Anyone who has joined him in circuitous paths, explored innovative routes and crossed many fields knows the potential for creation that it conceals. The authors of this book are following in his footsteps in his three themes: geoagronomy, landscape and regional projects. The DVD includes icongraphic and multimedia productions of Jean-Pierre Deffontaines and other authors.
Using an approach that breaks with the innumerable rural studies and the most recent preemptive work, the authors have compiled ten diverse, but significant case studies to identify individual and collective, association and institutional behaviours that, by moving away from the commonly-held equivalence between countryside, landscape and Nature itself, are indicative of changes in the way we think and practice, in other words how we live in harmony with Nature in the countryside; they represent genuine signs of the emergence of new "eco-aware" relationships with Nature that are still in their infancy.