The Sciences & Technologies Update collection publishes works in French or English, taking stock of recent progress in various scientific and technological fields. It is geared towards scientists in the fields concerned.
It follows on from the following collections: Science update (Inra).
This book deals with the transition from current agricultural and food systems towards sustainable ones. The issue is viewed from a number of different angles within the realm of social sciences (management, economics, sociology, anthropology and philosophy). The book provides food for thought and discussion around the following questions: What is the future model that today’s food system could or should be striving towards? What is the path that this transition could or should take?
The notion of countryside and rural areas is ambivalent: does the term "rural" refer to agricultural areas, a serene atmosphere or city suburbs?
This book delves into the different facets of rural and suburban areas. Their dynamics are part and parcel of contemporary economic and social issues, both in terms of demographics and lifestyles, economic activities and public policy: the important role played by towns, land management and environmental issues and the institutional organisation of territories.
The upheavals affecting the countryside are the same as those facing the rest of France, but have their own particular effect.
Recent territorial reforms in France will speed up the restructuring of public services related to drinking water in major urban centres and large inter-municipal associations. Such reforms should seek ways to strengthen water security through public initiative (i.e. access to sufficient high-quality resources and the ability to protect them; sustainable maintenance of technical means in good operating conditions and water at an affordable price) while balancing rationalisation and proximity.
As pressure continues to increase on natural environments, work on the multiple values of the biodiversity and ecosystem services can help in understanding better the interactions between nature and society, anticipating the disruptions to come and designing appropriate measures for dealing with them. This book fuels the society debate on our relationship with nature and underlines the major questions that should be at the heart of biodiversity research policies in the years to come.
Actions to develop rural and agricultural territories that are confronted by deep-seated changes in these spaces no longer inspire consensus. These changes result in new practices, based on new knowledge and new forms of inter-player coordination. Researchers and practitioners will find in this book the methodological bases and examples of relevant tools to rethink territorial development.
This book is original in that it establishes the link between landscapes and good bee health, as alterations to the landscapes can impact their lifestyles. It addresses the availability of pollen and nectar resources for the bees depending on landscapes, types of geographical area, vegetation and farming and bee-keeping practices. A useful book for anyone wishing to understand the reasons for declining bee populations.
This book reflects on the foundations of the rural economy by incorporating the societal components of rural life (changes in rural employment, inhabitants, services, needs, environment, etc.). It also deals with territorial dynamics of the environment, the role of institutions and governance in rural areas. A panorama of reflections on changes in rural areas in France and abroad
This book suggests pointers for analysing the current transformations in public land use to protect farm- and near-urban land. What provisions and experiences in public land use are emerging at regional scale? Are innovative modes of governance becoming mandatory? Taken from multi-disciplinary research into land governance arrangements for near-urban farmland, it illustrates changes in land issues: overrunning of sectoral approaches, diversity of courses of actions, broadening of forms of regulation and coordination between players.
After a monoculture phase, it is becoming an unavoidable necessity to diversify perennial crops (cocoa, rubber, palm or coconut oil) in humid tropical areas. Why and when should these diversification processes take place? What type of planter is involved? What are the constraints to diversification? How do public policies and private actions interfere? The authors answer these questions through fifteen case studies, mainly located in Africa and South-East Asia, thereby providing a better understanding of the economies of family plantations and their recent changes.
This book outlines how the concept of geogovernance makes the spatial issues in managing their territory visible and comprehensible to its citizens. Geogovernance is defined by numeric tools used in geography (spatial analysis, modelling, GIS, public Web). These share information between residents, users, development professionals, experts and elected representatives in order to build up jointly the decisions to be made for the territory.