This economic sociology book is intended for agricultural professionals engaged in the development of their production area. It provides the analytical and diagnostic tools needed to conduct a field study by taking a step back from the sector and developing a new approach to the land. It also provides food for thought on coordination factors and cooperation ties and offers a very practical analysis grid.
Over the last ten years, the concept of "ecosystem services" has become an essential part of our vocabulary when talking about biodiversity. This book discusses the origins, causes and consequences of this notion; it delves into the origin and dissemination of the concept, its spread to different areas around the nation and its actual or potential implementation through instruments or policies.
Climate and environmental change are today generating human migratory flows, creating real challenges for international governance. Based on recent events, this book offers a representative panorama of different types of movements occurring already in the developing countries as well as in the so-called developed countries. It discusses the potential of public policies and legal instruments used and wonders about the realities of these environmental migrations.
This book aims to explain the nature and the force of links between the family and the farm. It is constructed around twenty case studies in miscellaneous countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America and Europe.
The authors clarify "what makes a family", analyses the adaptations of the family nature and puts them in perspective with the territorial context and the public policies in each country.
Arable crops have for many years constituted a laboratory for preparing an industrial model in agriculture. From a sociology perspective, this work studies the contemporary transformations of arable crops and shows how they still constitute, in a context of globalisation of agricultural markets, a hotbed of heterogeneous innovations, as productive as they are marketable or political, and also the preferred target of criticism of high-intensity agriculture. Arable crops, as a practice and as political topic, thus constitute a driving force for the current transformations in agriculture.
Which social relations woven in country areas are now subject to the challenges of diversity? Under what conditions are the users going to confront their opinions, especially with the farmers? Based on surveys in the Dordogne, an exemplary department for new ruralities, this book analyses the logic of cohabitation at work in multiple everyday situations: neighbourhood relations, markets, farm accommodation, etc.
Where are we today in the place of women in family agricultures compared with men, in both Northern and Southern countries. Based on very diverse field studies, this book exposes the need to analyse family agricultures from the perspective of masculine-feminine relations and social constructions that organise these power ratios. It addresses in succession the social management of male-female relationships in agriculture, gender inequalities in the definition and impact of agricultural and environmental policies and lastly the different approaches of gender in the food systems.
Based on archive documents and surveys, the author analyses the transformation of farmers, both men and women, since the beginning of the last century. It addresses the influences of post-war modernisation and group farming in the 1960s. It examines the changes in certain farming populations, pig breeders, organic farmers and also women. Lastly, the author presents the effects of a reconstructed work area (rurbanisation, for example) on today's farmers.