Biodiversity and Local Ecological Knowledge in France

by Laurence Bérard (editorial coordination), Marie Cegarra (editorial coordination), Marcel Djama (editorial coordination), Sélim Louafi (editorial coordination), Bernard Roussel (editorial coordination), Philippe Marchenay (editorial coordination), François Verdeaux (editorial coordination), Anna Kiff (translation)
Collection: Hors Collection
may 2006
160 x 240 format 276 pages In stock
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160 x 240 format 276 pages Download after purchase
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The knowledge of nature held by autochthonous and local communities has been the subject of international talks, notably on biodiversity, but has primarily been studied from an autochthonous angle. French experience of conserving and promoting local know-how, which is the subject of this book, is based on the notions of heritage and of terroirs. This original approach could feed international debate. The book is thus primarily intended for negotiators and political leaders, along with local players who may be interested by the global dimension of such know-how.


The French version of this book, Biodiversité et savoirs naturalistes locaux en France, is available on our website.

La version française de ce titre, Biodiversité et savoirs naturalistes locaux en France, est disponible sur notre site.

Table of contents

Local Ecological Knowledge: A Global

Access to the Benefits of Sharing

Feeding International Debates

General Introduction

From the Local Level to Indigenousness: Recognizing Cultural Diversity


Heritage, Culture and Identity

  • Building the Local Level in France
  • Can all Heritage be Institutionalized? The Example of Cock-Fighting
  • Intangible Heritage: The Transmission Filters
  • The Terroir, a Concept with Multiple Meanings
  • The Terroir, a Tool for the Recognition of Farming Knowledge in Africa

Acknowledging Indigenousness

  • Indigenous Communities and Peoples
  • Article 8(j) of the CBD: A Pragmatic Application
  • Respecting Indigenous Customs or Creating a Republican Form of Exclusion
  • Protection of the Intellectual Property Rights of Indigenous Communities
  • The National Park in French Guiana: Heritage, Territory and Identity at Stake
  • “We are seeking the restitution of the components of our identity and the rights related to it”
  • Local Communities and Indigenousness:The Danger of Unsuitable Concepts in Cameroon

Conservation: Inventorying, Understanding and Acting


From Genetic Resources to Ecosystems, via Micro-organisms

  • The Challenge of Conserving Local Practices, Knowledge, and the Living World
  • The BRG (Genetic Resources Board)
  • Local Vegetable Varieties: Heritage in Evolution
  • The Conservation of Livestock Breeds
  • The Institut de l’Élevage (Livestock Institute)
  • RESOMIL: Conserving and Promoting Microbial Resources
  • Agroforestry and Bocage Systems, Local Knowledge and Biodiversity

Multiple Stakeholders

  • The Midi-Pyrénées CPBR (Conservatory for Regional Biological Heritage)
  • The Nord-Pas-de-Calais CRRG (Regional Center for Genetic Resources)
  • The CBN (National Botanical Conservatories)
  • The Conservatoires d’Espaces Naturels (Natural Areas Conservatories)
  • The Yam Conservatory
  • The Salagon Ethnobotanical Gardens: Between Cultural Heritage and Botanical Conservation
  • Les Croqueurs de Pommes (Apple Munchers Association)
  • AFCEV (French Association for the Conservation of Plant Species)

Innovative Approaches

  • Conserving and Developing Crop Biodiversity
  • The Réseau Semences Paysannes (Farming Seed Network)
  • The Results of Conservation:The CévennesNational Park
  • Local Knowledge in Nature Management Schemes

Promotion: Exploiting Sites and Heritage


The Protection of Geographical Indications

  • The Birth of a Protection and Promotion Policy:
  • The INAO Experience
  • Taking Local Knowledge into Account in the AOC System
  • AOC Piment d’Espelette
  • Obtaining PGI Status for Salt from the Ile de Ré Salt Marsh
  • AOC Pré Salé Lamb: A Driving Force for the Preservation of a Fragile Habitat

Heritage Initiatives of a more Informal Nature

  • Heritage Production: Between Naturalization and Excessive Historicity
  • Parc Naturel Régional: The Trademark
  • Sites Remarquables du Goût: The Trademark
  • The Inventory of French Culinary Heritage
  • Slow Food: Protecting and Promoting Taste

Positive Consequences and Uncertainties

  • Economic Aspects of Geographical Indications
  • AOC Comté
  • Exploiting Traditional Medicinal Knowledge in France
  • Bois Jaune and Tisaneurs: The Application of Article 8(j) in an Overseas Department

Growing Interest from Other Countries

  • International Protection of GIs: Challenges and Opportunities for Southern Countries
  • The INAO and Cooperation
  • Building a Framework Suited to National Specificities and Respecting International Law

General Conclusion


  • Local Ecological Knowledge and Practice: An Original Approach in France
  • The French Model for Protecting Traditional Knowledge: Innovation, Creativity and Challenge



General Bibliography


Authors’ Addresses


More contents


Language(s): English

Publisher: Cirad, Iddri, IFB, Inra

Edition: 1st edition

Collection: Hors Collection

Published: 31 may 2006

Reference Book: 01538

Reference eBook [ePub]: 01538EPB

Reference eBook [PDF]: 01538NUM

EAN13 Book: 9782738012227

EAN13 eBook [ePub]: 9782759211142

EAN13 eBook [PDF]: 9782759201389

Interior: Two-colour

Format (in mm) Book: 160 x 240

Pages count Book: 276

Pages count eBook [PDF]: 276

Weight (in grammes): 490

Size: 4.14 MB (ePub), 2.08 MB (PDF)


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