Oil Palm Fertilization Guide

by Bernard Dubos (writer), Xavier Bonneau (writer), Albert Flori (writer), Tristan Durand-Gasselin (preface)
Collection: Savoir faire
december 2022
160 x 240 format 82 pages In stock
26,00 €
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Intended as guide for designing the fertilization system in oil palm plantations, this book explains in clear language how to define fertilizer recommendations for each plantation, considering the specific characteristics of each site. 

The authors present the principles for interpreting the results of plant tissue analysis, mainly leaflets, taking into account the influence of factors specific to each plantation (age, plant material, climate, soil). They detail how to experimentally determine site-specific reference levels of mineral elements and sampling rules for monitoring the nutritional status of the plantation. Priority is given to the most specific facies (soil, plant material) of the planted areas rather than to an average representation of the plots. 

This guide explains how to create fertilization schedules to achieve optimal leaf contents from experimentation, and to compare these data with information from geographic information systems. This decision support system is designed to be valid in all situations. 

In addition to the economic optimization of fertilization, environmental concerns are considered: soil health and absorption efficiency must be integrated into the fertilization strategy by optimizing cultivation practices for fertilizer application and organic matter management. 

This guide is illustrated by numerous examples from trials in various soil, climate and plant material conditions in Africa and Latin America.

This book is available in French : Piloter la fertilisation du palmier à huile.

Table of contents



Introduction: context and purpose of this guide

1. Understanding oil palm mineral nutrition and diagnosing nutritional needs.

Why fertilize oil palm plantations?

Can deficiency symptoms be trusted to recommend fertilizer applications?.

     Nitrogen (N) deficiency

     Potassium (K) deficiency.

     Magnesium (Mg) deficiency

     Boron (B) deficiency

     Copper (Cu) deficiency

     Manganese (Mn) deficiency

     Other nutrients.


Analysing leaf samples to establish a diagnosis.

Ascertaining variability in leaf nutrient contents.

       Nitrogen (N)

     Phosphorus (P

     Potassium (K)

     Calcium (Ca)

     Magnesium (Mg)

     Chlorine (Cl).

     Sulphur (S)

     Trace elements: boron, copper, iron, manganese

     Interpreting leaf contents considering the specific characteristics of a plantation

2. Plantation sampling for ongoing mineral nutrition monitoring..

Dividing the plantation into several leaf sampling units

Planning the leaf sampling schedule

Choosing the palms of the reference sample inside the LSU

     Restricting reference sampling to a uniform section of the LSU

     When and how to select the palms used for leaf sampling

Taking special leaf samples to check specific zones in the LSU

3. Adapting the decision-support tool to local conditions: taking the specificities of each site into account

Fertilization trial principles

     Choice of treatments and experimental designs.

     Aggregating data and determining local optimum contents

     Experimental precision

Drawing up the fertilizer schedule from the experimental results

     Determining the optimum content range per nutrient.

     Drawing up a fertilizer schedule from the optimum content range

     Applying the conclusions of the experimental approach

A better understanding of trial results

4. Extrapolating fertilizer schedules resulting from trials.

Analysing the plantation reaction on an LSU scale

What information can be drawn from soil analyses?

Taking into account soil calcium contents when using KCl

Detecting distortions due to soil properties

     Associating a reference soil analysis with each leaf sample

     Constructing a geographic information system (GIS)

     Setting up reactivity tests

5. Adopting sustainable fertilization practices: prospects and recommendations.

Preserving soil health

     Caring for the chemical fertility of soils

     Assessing soil reserves

Improving fertilization efficiency

     Reducing mineral nutrient losses through different cultural practices

     Improving the physico-chemical properties of soils

Developing a precise and environment-friendly fertilization tool

     Precision of recommendations and fertilizer schedules

     Spatial precision of leaf sampling and fertilizer application

Conclusion: generic tools for optimized fertilization in each plantation



More contents


Language(s): English

Publisher: Éditions Quae

Edition: 1st edition

Collection: Savoir faire

Published: 8 december 2022

Reference Book: 02878

Reference eBook [PDF]: 02878NUM

Reference eBook [ePub]: 02878EPB

EAN13 Book: 9782759236756

EAN13 eBook [PDF]: 9782759236763

EAN13 eBook [ePub]: 9782759236770

Interior: Colour

Format (in mm) Book: 160 x 240

Pages count Book: 82

Pages count eBook [PDF]: 82

Weight (in grammes): 165

Size: 8.36 MB (PDF), 6.03 MB (ePub)


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