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Urban soils, environment and health

Rethink uses

by Ronald Charvet (editorial coordination), Christian Mougin (editorial coordination), Elisabeth Rémy (editorial coordination)
Collection: Hors Collection
march 2024
145 x 210 format 316 pages In stock
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Summary

Urban soil pollution is at the intersection of global health concerns, environmental protection and sustainable use of spaces. While some cities are reinvesting wastelands, advocating a circular waste economy and developing collective gardens or oasis courtyards, this work underlines the importance of working on soil health and its uses. Better soil quality is beneficial to human health, through food, but also because they constitute a reservoir of biological resources. However, soil quality often remains unknown in urban areas.

The impact of soils on air quality, water quality and biodiversity re-examines the question of the risks inherent in the long history of these soils and that of our practices. Therefore, how can we manage old pollution and reduce exposure associated with the territories concerned? How to anticipate future exposures? Promising avenues are proposed to improve the consideration of urban soils, from the perspective of the concept of global health which makes it possible to think about health at the interface with that of humans, animals and their environment, on national and global scales.

Through a multidisciplinary approach, this book provides answers to these societal challenges, to promote cooperation between all stakeholders concerned with city planning, ecotoxicology and human health, as well as citizens, and to put put in place concerted actions to promote information and co-construction with a view to better use of land towards a healthy and sustainable city.

This work is aimed at actors and decision-makers concerned with urban planning: managers, urban planners, architects or communities, researchers in biotechnical sciences and social sciences, as well as users of these urban environments.

Read the foreword (Mourad Hannachi, Paris-Saclay University)

Table of contents

Foreword 3

Preface 5

Acknowledgments 9

Introduction 10

PART I SOIL POLLUTION 15

Introduction Soils and their history: between knowledge and uncertainties 17

1. Diffuse contamination of agricultural and urban soils: state of knowledge and available data 19

2. Historical studies in the context of polluted sites and soils 47

3. Soil health and history in Belgium 54

4. Soil Information Sector (SIS): civil law in support of environmental law 69

5. Development of a spatialized index of potential pollution of trace metal elements in urban soils in Île-de-France 76

PART II HOW FAR CAN WE SANITIZE/REMEDIATE THE CITY? 91

Introduction Spreading and amendments: history and impacts on soils and territories 93

6. Recycling sewage sludge in France since the 1970s: actors and limits of metabolic recirculation 95

7. What trajectories for peri-urban degraded soils? 109

8. Management of organic waste products generated in the Paris region and their impact on soil quality 126

9. Recycling of organic materials: yes, but to what extent? 146

PART III LAND USES, POLLUTANT TRANSFERS AND HEALTH 151

Introduction Soils and health: multiple links, an imperative for prevention 153

10. Soil pollution and deterioration of indoor air quality 1558

11. Risks and management of urban soils for recreational uses and vegetable growing 168

12. Drinking water and health: a difficult assessment of health risks 189

13. Chemical contaminants in foodstuffs of animal origin produced in peri-urban areas 204

14. Impacts of the herbicide glyphosate in a global health context 219

15. Impact of fungicides used in the environment on human health 225

16. Soils and parasites: the case of roundworm through the ages 231

PART IV THRESHOLDS AND USES FOR A HEALTHIER CITY 249

Introduction Soil management for a healthier city 251

17. Soil health at the center of the new European Union strategy 252

18. The development of benchmark values on (peri)urban soils: between sharing of knowledge and production of ignorance 256

19. Guide to setting up a collective garden in Île-de-France 270

20. Valorization of nettle in the context of phytomanagement of polluted soils 274

21. Off-site recovery approaches for excavated land in development projects 289

Conclusion 303

List of acronyms 309

List of authors 313

Press

More contents

Features

Language(s): French

Publisher: Éditions Quae

Edition: 1st edition

Collection: Hors Collection

Published: 7 march 2024

Reference Book: 02926

Reference eBook [PDF]: 02926NUM

Reference eBook [ePub]: 02926EPB

EAN13 Book: 9782759236848

EAN13 eBook [PDF]: 9782759236855

EAN13 eBook [ePub]: 9782759236862

Interior: Colour

Format (in mm) Book: 145 x 210

Pages count Book: 316

Pages count eBook [PDF]: 316

Weight (in grammes): 434

Size: 7.08 MB (PDF), 7.21 MB (ePub)

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